FREE COMPUTER SCIENCE PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS ON STUDENT ATTENDANCE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM USING RADIO FREQUENCY IDENTIFICATION (RFID)
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CHAPTER ONE INTRODCTION
1.1 Background of Study
The implementation of RFID technology in student attendance management significantly enhances efficiency and accuracy. The automated system eliminates manual data entry errors and streamlines the attendance tracking process, saving valuable instructional time. The ease of access of practically all materials available on the World Wide Web has now resulted in fewer students attending class than ever before (Hornback et al 2005) and professors are concerned about student attendance seldom, no often, rarely. Checking student attendance is one of the vital concerns of universities and colleges because many universities and colleges calculate student attendance by giving the final grade of a semester. (Nurber & Selim, 2012).
Administrators or lecturer with a large lecture room may find the hassle of having the attendance sheet being passed around the class and the manual signing of attendance by students are burdensome and most likely distract them from teaching and getting full attention from the students (Gatsheni & Kuriakose, 2007).
An attempt to solve the above problems, brought about the motivation to research on how to design a system that record attendances of students as well as controlling impersonation among students during lectures and examination automatically.
The proposed system is built using Radio Frequency Identification technology. RFID-based systems offer real-time monitoring of student attendance, providing educators and administrators with instant insights. This feature facilitates timely intervention for students with attendance issues and enables proactive measures to improve overall attendance rates.
This project is aimed at presenting an intelligent Radio Frequency Identification student attendance management system around Federal University of Technology Minna so as to meet up with Nigeria University 70 percent course attendances before a student can seat for that courser examination.
The application of Radio Frequency Identification Technology to student class attendance checking problem will eliminate time wasted in signing of attendance sheet and roll call method of attendances taking use by most lecturers in FUT minna. RFID technology is non-intrusive and does not disrupt the learning environment. Students can quickly and passively register their attendance by simply being in the proximity of the RFID reader, reducing the hassle associated with traditional attendance-taking methods.
1.2 Statement of Problem
The use of RFID for attendance tracking raises privacy concerns. Striking a balance between efficient attendance management and respecting students’ privacy rights is crucial. Clear communication and transparent policies are essential to address these concerns and gain the trust of students and parents. While RFID technology offers numerous benefits, the initial implementation cost can be a significant consideration for educational institutions, particularly smaller ones. However, it’s important to weigh this against the long-term advantages and potential cost savings in terms of time and resources. Almost every lecturers within the various departments in FUT Minna, still uses the normal technique to record student attendance by passing attendance sheet to student to write their names and sign. By using this strategy, truant students will ask their course mate to write down their names when they are absence from that class instead of taking permission from the lecturer, lecturers have to analyst the attendance sheet to record who was absent and who attend the lecture. In the event that the lecture miss place the attendance sheet, he will have to take the class attendance again which is a stressful and time consuming process. Checking students’ by roll call which involves calling the students’ surname and marking presence or absent may take roughly around 12-15 minutes out of every lesson time. RFID systems are dependent on technical infrastructure, including reliable network connectivity and power sources. Any disruptions in these elements can affect the system’s functionality, emphasizing the need for robust technical support and contingency plans.
This project work intend to solve the following problems:
a. Eliminate or reduce the quality time lost through manual checking of student attendance as well as control impersonation among students
b. Eliminate the manual process of analyzing the attendance sheet to record student class percentage.
c. The possibility of a courser lecturer losing his attendance sheet or forgetting to come along with it to class will be eliminated
1.3 Aim and Objectives
Students Attendance Management System is aimed at implementing a system that aids lecturers of Federal University Technology Minna record the number of student’s attendance automatically as well as controlling impersonation among students during lectures and examination respectively using Radio Frequency Identification technology.
The main objectives of this project are to:
1.To explore the challenges existing with the manual system and infer solution.
2.Design and Implement a fully automated system that will record student class attendance
3.To test the functionality of the design by using the program to test 20 students.
1.4 Significance of Study
The Student Attendance Management System using RFID presents a glimpse into the future of educational technology. As RFID technology evolves, potential integrations with other systems, such as gradebooks and learning management platforms, could create a more comprehensive educational ecosystem.
This project will be beneficial to lecturers and administrators of Colleges and University around the world with large number of students per class and still uses the manual method of taking students class attendance by roll call or signing attendance sheet.
The integration of RFID technology in student attendance management is a commendable stride towards modernizing classroom processes. The system’s strengths in efficiency, real-time monitoring, and convenience outweigh its challenges when implemented with careful consideration. As educational institutions continue to explore innovative solutions, RFID-based attendance management stands out as a promising tool for enhancing administrative efficiency and fostering a more engaging and productive learning environment.
1.5 Scope of Study
The goal of this project work is develop an attendance management system using Radio Frequency Identification technology, the design and implementation is limited to Federal University Technology Minna Department of Computer Science. Two scope will be consider in this project work, firstly the use of suitable Radio Frequency Identification Technology Tag (wireless device) & Reader for this application and secondly the design of Graphic User Interface (GUI) to integrate with Radio Frequency Identification Technology.
The following programming languages were employed to build the graphical interface: C# in Microsoft Visual studio and MySQL for the database. The system functionality was tested with 20 students.
1.6 Limitation of the Study
Every good design innovation has limitations, incorporating biometric security features in the system design such as facial recognition application or fingerprint to control impersonation among students is the limitation of the current system.
1.7 Operational Definition of Terms
1. Radio Frequency Identification: is the wireless use of electromagnetic fields to transfer data, for the purposes of automatically identifying and tracking tags attached to objects.
2. Tag: An RFID transponder, typically consisting of an RF coupling element and a microchip that carries identifying data. Tag functionality may range from simple identification to being able to form ad hoc networks.
3. Active Tag: Active RFID uses an internal power source (battery) within the tag to continuously power the tag and its RF communication circuitry. A tag with its own battery that can initiate communications
4. Passive Tag: A tag with no on-board power source that harvests its energy from a reader provided RF signal.
5. Semi-passive Tag: A tag with an on-board power source that is unable to initiate communications with a reader.
6. Reader: An RFID transceiver, providing read and possibly write access to RFID tags.
5. Microchip: A microchip (sometimes just called a “chip”) is a unit of packaged computer circuitry (usually called an integrated circuit) that is manufactured from a material such as silicon at a very small scale
7. Receiver: is an electronic device that receives radio waves and converts the information carried by them to a usable form. It is used with an antenna
8. Transmitter: is an electronic device which, with the aid of an antenna, produces radio waves
9. Antenna: is an electrical device which converts electric power into radio waves, and vice versa. It is usually used with a radio transmitter or radio receiver.
10. Microwave: are a form of electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths ranging from as long as one meter to as short as one millimeter, or equivalently, with frequencies between 300 MHz (0.3 GHz) and 300 GHz.
11. Systems: An assemblage of interrelated elements, which we find interesting to study, it could be a process, machine or program.
12. Design: It is a detailed plan or arrangement to achieve a particular purpose.
15. RF: Radio Frequency.
14. LF: Low frequency; 120-140 KHz.
13. HF: High Frequency; 13.56 MHz
15. UHF: Ultra-High Frequency; 868-928 MHz
16. Lecturer: A university teacher
17: Attendance: The frequency with which a person is present (at an event or meeting etc.)