Home / ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS / DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF AN AUTOMATIC BATTERY CHARGER USING SCR

DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF AN AUTOMATIC BATTERY CHARGER USING SCR

DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF AN AUTOMATIC BATTERY CHARGER USING SCR

ABSTRACT

This project is titled design and construction of a battery charger using SCR. Automatic battery charger presented here is an acid battery charger that is designed to charge any acid battery using thyristor to supply the required current.
This charger will charge any 12V lead acid battery including flooded, gel and AGM. It is fully automatic and will charge at a rate up to about 4A until the battery voltage reaches a preset point at which it will switch to a very low current float charge. If the battery voltage drops again the charger will begin charging until the voltage once again reaches the cut off point. In this way it can be left connected to a battery indefinitely to maintain full charge without causing damage. An LED indicates when the battery is fully charged
The objective of this project is to design and construct an electrical/electronic equipment, a thyristor controlled battery charger, that will supply electrical energy (charges) to a charge storage device; a battery, in a process to restore the battery’s used up energy.

CHAPTER ONE

1.1                                                     INTRODUCTION

A battery charger is an electrical device employed in charging batteries that are usually charged by battery charges are the storage batteries also known as “accumulators”.
The charger is made up of various electrical and electronics component which for the purpose of clanty are group into your basic unit they are:
The power supply units
The smoothing circuits
The regulating unit and
Regulated D.C charging units
A Battery charger comes in various designs and voltage.  The choice of a particular and of charger that depends largely int eh size of battery or battery or batteries which on mterds to charge the mini battery changer could be used to charge batteries of 12 volts.  The bigger battery changes are for batteries with voltage ranging from 12 – 48 volts.  These are the heavy duty batteries.
The battery charge is built in such a way that it delivers a constant value of d.c current into the battery it is charging in the opposite direction from which current flows on the batteries during discharge one cannot successfully design a battery charge with out a fundamental understanding of the accumulator because it also makes up the operation.

1.2                                        OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT
The objective of the project is to design a device that will recharge 12v lead acid battery when discharged using scr.

1.3                                      SIGNIFICANCE OF THE PROJECT
This device charges 12v acid battery mainly, however, if the output voltages are adjusted can be used to charge battery of lower or higher voltages.
Apart from charging batteries, this device can also be used as a battery level monitor due to the battery level feature it contains.

1.4                        APPLICATION OF THE PROJECT
Battery charger is used in the following devices for the purpose of recharging device batteries:

  1. It is used in inverter
  2. It is used in cellphone
  3. It is used in Solar energy system
  4. It is used in vehicles
  5. It is used in an uninterruptible power supply(UPS), etc.

1.5                         LIMITATION OF THE PROJECT
The only problem with this device is that it takes longer time to recharge car battery because of the low current output, and it is design only for a 12v battery.
1.6               ADVANTAGES OF AUTOMATIC CHARGER
Features of this automatic battery charger made it more advantageous than other types and they are as below:

  1. Automatic battery charger  has an indicator to indicate when the battery is fully charged
  2. Built in Indications for showing Full, Empty Levels  of any type of battery
  3. It has a manually operated switch that is used to ON and OFF the entire system.
  4. It composes of in-built active components which stop charging process when the battery is fully charged.
  5. It consumed less current but generate high current to the load.

1.7 SCOPE OF THE PROJECT    
          A battery charger is an electrical device employed in charging batteries that are usually charged by battery charges are the storage batteries also known as “accumulators”.
The charger is made up of various electrical and electronics component which for the purpose of charging are group into your basic unit, they are:
The power supply units
The smoothing circuits
The regulating unit and
Regulated D.C charging units
A Battery charger comes in various designs and voltage.  The choice of a particular and of charger that depends largely in Ah size of battery or batteries which charge the mini battery changer could be used to charge batteries whose voltage ranges from 6 – 12 volts.  The bigger battery changes are for batteries with voltage ranging from 12 – 48 volts.  These are the heavy duty batteries.
The battery charge is built in such a way that it delivers a constant value of d.c current into the battery it is charging in the opposite direction from which current flows on the batteries during discharge one cannot successfully design a battery charge with out a fundamental understanding of the accumulator because it also makes up the operation.

Download Full and Complete Project

About projectmaterial

Check Also

DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF A 3.5KVA MODIFIED SINE WAVE INVERTER

DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF A 3.5KVA MODIFIED SINE WAVE INVERTER Format: Ms Word Document Pages: …

DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF A STREET LIGHT

DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF A STREET LIGHT Format: Ms Word Document Pages: 68 Price: N …

DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF AN AUTOMATIC SWITCHING STREET LIGHT

DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF AN AUTOMATIC SWITCHING STREET LIGHT Format: Ms Word Document Pages: 70 …

ASSEMBLING OF A COMPUTER SYSTEM

ASSEMBLING OF A COMPUTER SYSTEM Format: Ms Word Document Pages: 68 Price: N 3,000 Chapters: …

ASSEMBLING OF PENTIUM-4 COMPUTER

ASSEMBLING OF PENTIUM-4 COMPUTER Format: Ms Word Document Pages: 68 Price: N 3,000 Chapters: 1-5 …

DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF A 10KVA AUTOMATIC VOLTAGE STABILIZER

DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF A 10KVA AUTOMATIC VOLTAGE STABILIZER Format: Ms Word Document Pages: 68 …

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *