PEOPLE’S PERCEPTION OF COMMUNITY POLICING AS AN EFFECTIVE STRATEGY FOR CRIME REDUCTION IN ABUJA MUNICIPAL AREA COUNCIL
1.1 Background to the Study
Crime is one of the most obvious events which confront people in the late modern age(Giddens,2004).Idris, Inspector General of Police stated in a lecture delivered to Participants of National War College, Abuja that‘ perhaps the most potent threat to national security of any country is crime. According to Ugwuoke (2010),crime and criminality areas old as mankind. Crime to Marshall(2008)is a universal feature of all human societies. There as on forth is according to Marshall is because there is no human society where norms and values are not violated,from the simplest hunting and gathering societal most complex civilized societies. It is because of this universal characterofcrimethateverysocietyisexpectedtohave‘specificmechanisms for the overall interest and well being of the generality of the populace’(Igbo, 2017:14)
Ezuugwu (2018) noted that Nigerian society is taking a dangerous path,a path to nowhere(crime leads to nowhere but destruction), a path to destruction. That the society is really a drift,a regrettable drifts, sustained by a wave of criminality and lawlessness. That Nigeria these days sleep with one eye closed because of the fear of the rampaging effects of armed robbery and other associated crimes. Each day unfolds with its strange tales of one form of crime or the other. It is either there was a robbery attack,kidnapping, fraud,child trafficking or money laundering. Every society gets the kind of criminal it deserves because the society prepares the crime while the criminals commit it. Because thegovernmenthasshunnedherbasicobligationsofmeetingtheprimaryneedsof the individual, criminal activities keep sin creasing in the society.